Facilitation and planning are distinct yet interconnected aspects of any process that aims at expanding a person’s community engagement and social inclusion.


“Helping people in clarifying their vision and next steps.”

Planning is the process of setting goals, developing strategies and outlining tasks and schedules to accomplish the goals.

Person directed/centred planning is a way of organizing around one person to define and create a better future.It is a philosophy and an approach, not just a set of tools and techniques. Person-centred planning grew out of a commitment to inclusion as a social goal and was consciously designed as an inclusive process.

Person directed/centred planning names a family of approaches for discovering what is most important to a person and specifying the opportunities, accommodations, and assistance that will give the person the best chance of experiencing what is most important. Person-centred planning supports people to form their intention and see opportunities for action.


“Helping others in taking action and moving forward.”

Facilitation is a process where a neutral person helps a person with a developmental disability to make decisions about long term possibilities and the next steps to get there. Facilitation brings action and relationship support to the planning process.

Facilitation aims to strengthen the person’s ability to have his/her wishes understood and broaden his/her self-determination, choice and control. Decision making always rests in the hands of the person. The purpose of the facilitation process is to listen to and nurture the gifts and capacities of a person to create a full life as a participating, contributing citizen in the community. The process may or may not involve a personal support network depending on the person’s wishes.

Adapted from Ministry of Community and Social Services Person-Directed Planning and Facilitation Guide     2013

Working Toward A Desirable Future

Five questions on which to focus in  developing a more desirable future.

Supporting Contribution

How can we assist people to develop more competencies and contribute the unique gifts?

Promoting Choice

How can we help people have more choice and control in life?

Valued Roles

How can we enhance the reputation people have and increase the number of valued ways people can contribute?

Community Participation

How can we expand and deepen people’s friendships?

Community Presence

How can we increase the presence of a person in their local community?

Based on O’Brien and O’Brien’s “five valued experiences” (Framework for Accomplishment, 1989) and explored in What’s Worth Working For?:     Leadership For Better Quality Human Services  by John O’Brien (1989)